Anytime someone asks a person if that person believes in absolutes, he or she is referring to maxims. Maxims are constants that never change no matter their application, and are absolute by that definition.
There is a simple allegory in philosophy that illustrates what a maxim is. It starts by presenting every size of rock as either the smallest rock, the largest rock or anything in between. The absolutes smallest and largest appear to be maximum possibilities since they are the extremes, but consider the largest rock possible, then consider a rock larger than that. Because of the limits imposed by being an extreme, the definitive largest and smallest can always be trumped by an even larger or smaller, thereby not being absolute.
What IS an absolute is the comparison of two sizes, such as ‘smaller’ or ‘larger.’ No matter how large a rock you can imagine, there is always a larger one than that. The same can be said for the smallest rock imaginable being trumped by a smaller rock. So the real maxims in the rock allegory are ‘smaller’ and ‘larger’ since they remain constant and absolute.
The maxims ‘smaller’ and ‘larger’ don’t only work for expanding the possibilities of sizes. This maxim applies across the entire spectrum between ‘smallest’ and ‘largest.’ From the point’s perspective, there are an infinite amount of rocks that are SMALLER than it and an infinite amount of rocks that are LARGER than it. The maxims now abstractly represent what the spectrum looks like to the point. Vice versa, the maxims now abstractly represent where the point is on the spectrum.
Maxims can be used to show a system, in this case the spectrum of every size rock, which is objective, or they can be used to show a perspective, in this case the position of the point on the spectrum, which is subjective.
Maxims may be the building blocks of both subjectivity (perspective) and objectivity (system).
Smallest<- - ———====>|Point|<- - ———====>Largest